Art Through the Ages

Helen Gardner’s legacy and the future of art history textbooks

“Who controls the past controls the future.
Who controls the present controls the past.”

— George Orwell

The Racket

Old & New


Left: Embossed logo on the cover of Helen Gardner’s 1st edition of “Art Through the Ages”.
Right: Dexamenos. Coin of a flying heron, signed “Dexamenos epoie Chios”. The University of Oxford.
Left: Cover of Helen Gardner’s “Art Through the Ages”. 1926. 1st edition.
Right: Cover of Fred S. Keliner‘s “Gardner’s Art Through the Ages”. 2019. 16th edition.
Gardner, Helen. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages. 1926. Pp. 110–111. Print.


Fred Kleiner, Ph.D.

Communication Code

Value of the 1st Edition

Helen Gardner. Photograph from “The Bronze Lion”, 1925. “Making History: Women of the Art Institute,” Case 3, Ryerson & Burnham Libraries, July 5–September 5, 2011.

Price for Admission

Screenshot from May 4, 2019.

Turning the Sharp Corner

Lion sculpture and line of automobiles parked outside the Art Institute of Chicago with Chicago skyline, 1926.

A Vulnerable Legacy

Gravestone of Helen Gardner at Oak Woods Cemetery in Chicago, IL

Works Cited

Intersecting innovation, education, and technology.

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